As the world is getting more open to sex and as people are changing their sexual values and behavior, the cases of sexually transmitted diseases, STDs, are also increasing rapidly. Despite the warnings and teachings about the dangers of unprotected sex and of exceeding the normal limits in sensual activities, there is a boost in sexually transmitted diseases. The incidence is not limited to just some parts of the world, but no nation is considered safe from this trend.
This article briefly lists the common sexually transmitted diseases, STDs, just to raise people’s awareness towards such a deadly issue. We must know how to prevent and treat them. We should be aware of the fact that such diseases are transmitted during sexual contacts with an infected person. Whatever kind of sexual activity is involved, vaginal, anal, or oral, the diseases can transmit easily to another person.
Gonorrhea: A bacterial STD that remains unnoticed for long, except for some cases when men can notice some kind of discharge from their organ.
Genital Warts or HPV/Human Papilloma Virus: A most common STD, which is not curable so far, and just the symptoms can be controlled only.
AIDS/HIV: It is one of the most deadly STDs. It can be transmitted through semen, vaginal secretion, blood, and breast milk. It involves no risk of being transmitted by casual contact. AID is not curable. However, its progress can be controlled that makes the infected people to live longer.
Chlamydia: It is one of the most common but curable STDs. Its symptoms include pain during lovemaking, discharge from woman and man sexual organ, etc. Its symptoms remain unnoticed for long.
Syphilis: This STD can lead to serious complications if not treated in time. Syphilis sores can appear on the external genitals, mouth, rectum or vagina.
Mycoplasma Genitalium: This STD has surpassed gonorrhea in prevalence. Its symptoms are not easy to identify. Studies are underway to know more about this disease. It is known to cause cervicitic in women and nongonococcal urethritis in men.
HSV/Herpes: A viral STD; it is recognized as HSV1 and HSV2. HSV1 is related to cold sores, whereas HSV2 is associated with genital sores. It can be transmitted through the genitals to the mouth or vice versa. It usually spreads through skin-to-skin contact.
Hepatitis/HBV: There are many types of hepatitis but the one that is considered a STD is hepatitis B, HBV. It affects the liver. Its long-term complications can be very serious.
BV/Bacterial Vaginosis: It infects when the healthy bacteria in vagina disappear and different organisms inhabit the area. Women will suffer from itching around the vagina, burning, gray or white discharge and some strong smell will become noticeable after lovemaking. BV has recurring trend, and it increases the risks of pelvic inflammatory disease, HIV, etc.
The sexually transmitted diseases can lead to many severe complications if not controlled on time. Moreover, it is highly advisable to ensure all the preventive measures that protect us from such diseases, since some are not curable, while symptoms of some STDs appear much later.